Yellow - Turmeric (Curcuma longa)
The yellow turmeric colouring is extracted from the roots of the Indian tumeric plant. It is the main ingredient of curry powder. Our turmeric comes from Java in Indonesia.
Orange - Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides)
We already know the gardenia as a house plant. It originates from Eastern Asia. A yellow-orange extracet is obtained from the shoots of this old healing and colouring plant.
Red - Paprika (Capsicum annuum)
Paprika is a member of the nightshade family, and is found in central and south America. Its usefulness as a spice and as a medicine was already known to the Incas and is still popular today. It is now also used as a red colouring extract.
Fuchsia - Beetroot (Beta vulgaris)
The red betanin colouring is obtained from the bulb of the beetroot. The beetroot comes from the coast of the Mediterranean and has been cultivated by us as a food vegetable for 700 years
Violet – Black Elderberry (Sembucus nigra)
The elder, which comes from central Europe, also known as German lilac, provides a violet pigment and were used by Hippocrates as a medicine
Dark Blue – Red cabbage (Brassica oleracea)
Red cabbage plays an important role in supplying people with vitamins, especially as a winter vegetable. Its vegetable colouring can be shades of red, violet or blue depending on how acidic or alkaline the plants environment is.
Light Blue - Japanese Spirulina (Spirulina platensis)
The Japanese blue green algae is grown in aquaculture in the Sea of Japan. A cyan blue colouring is obtained from this in a costly process, the extract is very valuable.
Dark Green – Mulberry/Chlorophyll (Morus alba)
Chlorophyll is obtained from the leaves of the Chinese mulberry tree. The green colouring extract was already used by many primitive peoples as a paint.
Light Green - Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)
The indigenous stinging nettle was in earlier times a valued useful plant, but is now often only regarded as a weed. Despite this, it is a valuable fodder plant and its yellow green extract plays a major role in medicines and cosmetics.
Golden yellow - Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)
The flowers of the safflower contain a yellow and a red colouring. Both were already used more than 4000 years ago in Egypt for the dying of textiles. The seeds of the plant yield a valuable cooking oil.
Brown - Caramel(Saccharose)
Caramel is obtained from starches and sugars when these are heated (caramelising). It is an everyday additive for foods and is used to colour drinks, vinegar, marmalades and sweets.
Black - Medicinal Charcoal (Carbo medicinalis)
Vegetable coal is medicially pure charcoal, obtained from coconutshells. It is used as a food colouring as well as a medicine.